When minority and low-income populations may be affected, SCDOT must determine whether there is a disproportionately high and adverse impact on the populations. If impacts are anticipated, avoidance is considered first, and then minimization and mitigation of impacts. The Mauldin Mobile Home Park within the project area has been identified as an “environmental justice” community. FHWA defines environmental justice (EJ) as “identifying and addressing disproportionately high and adverse effects of [FHWA’s] programs, policies, and activities on minority and low-income populations to achieve an equitable distribution of benefits and burdens. This includes the full and fair participation by all potentially affected communities in the transportation decision making process.”
Executive Order (E.O.) 12898, Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations
, requires federal agencies to the greatest extent possible by law, “to identify and address ‘disproportionately high and adverse’ human health or environmental effects of federal programs, policies, and activities on minority and low-income populations.”
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